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Sub-Plenary Session 1: Rural Knowledge Systems and Innovation Processes. Issues for Discussion

The purpose of this sub plenary session is to have an understanding of the knowledge-poverty nexus and to discuss how this can be translated into concrete partnership programme in agricultural research for development (ARD).

New partnerships in knowledge management for local innovation

Mainstream agricultural research has focused primarily on technical and biological aspects and is aimed at controlling or manipulating nature through the use of external inputs, such as agricultural chemicals or super seed. In developing countries, the results of this research have benefited some resource-rich farmers in well-endowed areas, were suitable to only a limited extent for poorer farmers in the more favourable areas, and were ¿ in most cases ¿ completely inappropriate for small-scale farmers in marginal areas, e.g. in the mountains or the drylands.

Proposal for GFAR-2000 Dresden. New innovative research partnership proposal. Improved participation of Farmers¿ Organizations in the development policy dialogue in West-Africa

The fund, planned for a three years period, would be used to : · Organize periodic regional meetings among FO to exchange experience · Assist in the development of national FO in the various countries · Improve the information base practically needed by FO to efficiently participate in policy negociations (Rural Identity Card) · Mobilize autonomously ad hoc technical expertise to assist them in national/regional negociations · Create a network of researchers and experts who know FO and their needs and can provide them with adapted, high-quality technical and scientific information.

Proposal for GFAR-2000 Dresden. New innovative research partnership proposal. A multi-country stakeholder participatory approach to identify policies for smallholder dairy development in the Hindu Kush Himalyas (HKH)

ILRI and ICIMOD (International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development) identified, through GIS-based mapping, that smallholder dairy is increasing in importance in the HKH region. Informal discussions with NARS, NGOs and Dairy Cooperatives in Nepal, Bhutan, Uttar Pradeah and Himachal Pradesh of India indicated that there is lack of a conducive institutional and policy environment, and appropriate technology to support dairy development in these countries/regions. A planning workshop jointly organized in August 1999 by ILRI and ICIMOD, with selected dairy

PROCOCOS: Creation of a global research programme for coconut. A new innovative research partnership for GFAR-2000

General objectives: 1) To help alleviate poverty and improve food security for more than 80 million people in 86 countries who depend directly on coconut production and processing for their livelihood. 2) To increase the productivity of coconut farms producing coconuts for home consumption and local

Developing a common vision for the role of biotechnology in food and agriculture. New innovative research partnership

General objectives: To assist developing countries, regional and global fora in decision making on public sector applications and priority setting in biotechnology for food and agriculture

PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa/Ressources Végétales de l'Afrique Tropicale). New innovative research partnership

Objectives : Synthesis and wide distribution of the existing but dispersed information on the estimated 7,000 useful plants of Tropical Africa. Activities : The PROTA partnership (scientific institutions in Africa and Europe now being identified) intends to establish an Information Base on the estimated 7,000 useful plants of Tropical Africa, by compiling, critically evaluating, summarizing, publishing and widely distributing the existing but dispersed information, in order to contribute to an equitable access to knowledge, which is essential to achieve food security and